Category Archive: Travel in Japan
The allure of exploring a new place in a different country is one of the best perks of studying abroad. Discovering exotic locations, culture, language, tradition, and of course, bargain shopping! Tokyo is one of the most expensive cities in the world, and for any foreign student, it may be quite a challenge to stay on budget. One of the main concerns is budgeting for transportation costs.
Some tips to save on transportation:
Trains & Subways
Tokyo’s train and subway system is a series of reliable, convenient, and comfortable network of state of the art carriages that can get you around the city and even out of it in hardly any time at all. There are two separate subway operators (Tokyo Metro and Toei) as well as one major rail company (JR) and a multitude of private line operators. Usually it costs less to change between the different operators on a single journey.
Train railway. | tokyoform
If you plan on staying for more than 24 hours in one destination, it would be advisable to get a Suica travel pass. These are cards that you can charge up with credit and use on all lines. They work all across Japan. This will save you time on thinking of what kind of ticket to purchase. You can also use the cards to pay for items from vending machines and at shops. You can get these cards at the JR ticket office at a station, or at Narita or Haneda Airport as soon as you arrive. You can even hand in the card back when you don’t need it anymore to receive the 500 yen deposit.
Bullet train. | NJ Moore
Go for a walk
Another way to save on transportation costs is to walk. If the distance is close enough for a walk, why not take advantage of the exercise? Tokyo is a beautiful and vibrant city with so many things to experience and see. By walking around the city to get to your destination, you’ll be able to experience more of the culture, meet more people, and perhaps even discover some off the beaten path finds worth remembering.
Walking in Shinjuku. | Kageaki Smith at KCP Flickr
Take a bus
Japan’s bus system can be useful to get to some areas the train or subway can’t get to. Bus fares are cheap and you can even use Pasmo/Suica contact-less payment cards. Just remember to study the bus routes and consider asking a local to help you out in telling the driver where to let you out. Highway buses are also one of the cheapest options when travelling out of the city.
Hello Kitty-themed bus. | Jody McIntyre
Winter in Japan can be as equally exciting as any other time of the year. Each season brings something new and beautiful to the landscape and surroundings that makes your visit fun and memorable.
Winter in different parts of Japan presents varied experiences. It’s such a north-south country, there’s a great difference in climate. Big cities such as Osaka and Tokyo have shorter, temperate winters, while the Northern parts as well as the mountainous regions of Japan experience long winters, extremely cold temperatures, with a lot of snowfall for long months at a time. The thick snow makes it ideal for winter sports like skiing and snowboarding as well as the much anticipated Sapporo Snow Festival in Hokkaido.
All around Japan there are some amazing places to discover in wintertime. Here are some of the most loved places to visit:
Jigokudani Onsen, Nagano
Jigokudani Monkey Park, a part of Joshinetsu Kogen National Park (locally known as Shigakogen), is located at the northern area of the Yokoyu-River. Jigokudani, or Hell’s Valley, is aptly named for the boiling water that spumes from the crevices of the frozen ground.
Jigokudani is not only famous for its picturesque winter wonderland but for the many wild Japanese macaques or snow monkeys that inhabit the area during the winter. They climb down from the steep cliffs and forests to enjoy the warm waters of the hot springs (onsen).
Jigokudani Monkey Park. | Douglas Sprott
Mt. Zao is located between the border of Yamagata and Miyagi prefectures. Winter in Mt. Zao brings winds that blow from Siberia and as they pass through the Sea of Japan, they pick up moisture. After the wind crosses the Asahi Mountain Range to the west of Mt. Zao, the moisture forms clouds of supercooled droplets. The mountain is surrounded by coniferous trees such as the Aomori Fir. The trees cover the slopes that are between an altitude of about 4,265 and 5,249 feet. The clouds frost the conifers on the slopes of Mt. Zao over and over until an icy crust forms and the trees are completely covered in ice and form weird kinds of shapes. It makes an eerily majestic sight.
Mt. Zao. | alala_p
Diamond Dust, Hokkaido
Diamond dust is a gound-level cloud that is made up of tiny ice crystals. It is a meteorological phenomenon similar to fog since the cloud is on the surface. However, fog is composed of liquid water while diamond dust forms directly as ice. Diamond dust is formed when the skies are clear, making the effect more dramatic and magical.
Hokkaido is in the northernmost region of Japan and diamond dust forms during midwinter in Nayoro, Asahikawa, Tokachi, and Kawayu Onsen. As diamond dust kisses the area, the sight is just too beautiful for words.
Diamond dust. | halfrain
Hashima island, also known as Gunkanjima (or ‘Battleship Island’) and Ghost Island, is one of the 505 uninhabited islands of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. Nearly a century ago (from 1887 to 1974), it was a bustling coal mining facility and home to thousands of workers. When the demand for coal began to shift to petrol, the once thriving island was abandoned and left to the elements. Its concrete buildings now lie as decrepit ruins, a reminder of a past long gone.
Hashima Island. | OZinOH
Hashima island was known for its undersea coal mines when coal was discovered on the area sometime in 1810. The coal mining industry operated during the industrialization of Japan. When Mitsubishi Goshi Kaisha obtained the island, it began extracting coal from undersea mines and sea walls, and land reclamation tripled the actual size of the island. When the island was still a flourishing coal mining community, Mitsubishi Goshi Kaisha bought it in 1890 and built a large nine story concrete building. More buildings were built over the years to accommodate the growing number of workers. Concrete was the choice material used for structures on the island to allow them to withstand typhoons. Buildings such as apartment blocks, a community center, schools, a hospital, and a town hall were all maintained for the workers and their families. There were even structures for entertainment such a cinema, swimming pool, rooftop gardens, shops, communal bath, and a pachinko parlor.
Ruins of the island. | Roger Walch
Battleship island is also notorious for its dark history as the site of forced labour before and after World War II. In the 1930’s until the end of WWII, Korean conscripted civilians and Chinese prisoners-of-war were forced to work under very harsh conditions on the island. About 1,300 labourers were said to have perished under these harsh conditions, accidents, malnutrition, and exhaustion.
Google Street View of the island. | Kevin Dooley
By 1959, the 6.3 hectare island had a population of 5,259. It was considered the most densely populated place per square meter in the entire world.In 1974, as the coal reserves of the island were nearing depletion, the mine was closed and all of the residents left the island. Between 1891 to 1974, about 15.7 million tons of coal were excavated in mines with high temperatures and humidity.
Ghost Island began to pique the interest of people because of the undisturbed historical ruins. The island gradually became a popular attraction and was re-opened for visitors on the 22nd of April, 2009. The increased interest on the island prompted initiatives to protect it. On July of 2015, Hashima Island was formally recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site as part of Japan’s Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining.
Check out this fascinating virtual tour of Hashima Island with Google Street Views:
Japan is known for their outrageous fads, cosplay, anime, manga, and gaming. Aside from all those great things that make the country so unique, they also have a Cat Island (Tashirojima) and a Rabbit Island (Ōkunoshima).
Tashirojima is a small island in Japan in Ishinomaki, Miyagi. The island is a small fishing community of about 100 residents. It is known as Cat Island because of the number of cats that live in it. Amazingly, cats outnumber the locals almost four to 1. The stray cats thrive on the island because residents believe that feeding the cats will bring them wealth and good fortune. These cats roam freely in the streets and most can be found hanging around Nitoda Port.
On a tiny island on the Inland Sea of Japan, in the city of Takehara, in Hiroshima Prefecture, there is Ōkunoshima also known as Usagi Jima or Rabbit Island because of the unbelievable number of feral rabbits that call it home.
If Cat Island and Rabbit Island are not enough, believe it or not, Japan also has Zao Fox Village! Zao Fox Village is located in the mountains near Shiroishi in Miyagi Prefecture. The village is a haven for over 100 animals and six different types of foxes. Foxes are a huge part of Japanese culture and history and figure in several Japanese folktales.
Foxes at Zao Fox Village. | Olena Shmahalo
Zao Fox Village is a preserve with small houses and structures to house foxes. There is a shrine with statues and a torii. The animals roam freely, there is a petting zoo, and visitors are rewarded with the beautiful Miyagi Zao mountain scenery. The Fox Village is close to the town of Shiroishi that can be conveniently reached by a bullet train to Shiroishi Station. From there, it’s a quick 20-30 minute drive to the picturesque mountain preserve.
Fox, close up. | Olena Shmahalo
Watch the foxes of Zao Fox Village in action in this YouTube video by Rachel & Jun:
Click image or here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=92wtDKCtOiU
Zao Fox Village is a wonderful addition to your bucket list of places to visit when in Japan!
Headaches and migraines can be a common occurrence easily be remedied using natural substances rather than medication. These natural remedies can be a more healthful alternative, too.
For many study abroad students away from home for a long period of time, it is imperative to know what types of medication need a prescription, the allowable quantity for personal use, what is available over the counter, and what types are not allowed to be brought into the country. This information is essential to know when travelling to Japan.
In Japan, bringing medication from overseas into the country is controlled by the Pharmaceutical Affairs Law and the Customs Law. The Japanese government observes strict compliance primarily to prevent health hazards caused by defective products. Restrictions like this on medication when travelling make it very useful to know some helpful tips in treating the more common ailments. Here are some remedies to try in relieving headache pain and tension:
Eat some nuts. The National Headache Foundation identifies about 20 types of headaches, from tension headaches to migraines. Research suggests that nuts such as almonds contain salicin which when consumed creates salicylic acid (primary by-product of aspirin metabolization). Consumption of 10 to 15 almonds a day are said to make regular headaches less severe.
Almonds. | HealthAliciousNess
Exercise. Regular exercise is great for your health. Regular physical activity also allows the body to release endorphins which can dull the sensation caused by a headache. Exercise regularly to maximize the overall benefit. Don’t forget to warm up and cool down after every exercise. Most of all, enjoy the outdoors. Fresh air and beautiful scenery can only do good for your overall well-being.
Omega-3 fatty acids are more than just for the heart. Some studies show that taking fish oil helps reduce migraine and headache pain. Research shows that ingredients found in fish oil may decrease blood clotting and inflammation, lower blood pressure, and promote a steady heart rhythm. All of these help reduce the inflammation of blood cells that press and pinch nerves.
Fish oil capsules. | Jo Christian Oterhals
Minimize consumption of foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG). This is a common ingredient that promotes umami flavor in Japanese cuisine. It is derived from an amino acid, called glutamic acid, which occurs naturally in various foods. MSG is said to trigger migraines or headaches in some people as it excites neurons. Be conscious of food labels, and you can request restaurants to refrain from using MSG when you feel it may trigger a headache.
MSG. | Shoreline
Japan is a country rich in beautiful landscapes, natural resources, and wildlife. One of Japan’s popular indigenous wildlife species is the Japanese macaque.
The Japanese macaque is known as saru (monkey) in Japanese but to distinguish it from other primates of the world, it is called Nihonsaru (Nihon means Japan in Japanese). The Nihonsaru are Old World monkeys, a group of primates that fall under the superfamily Cercopithecoidea. They are also known as “snow monkeys” because they live in areas where snow is prevalent throughout the year.
Japanese macaque. | Martha de Jong-Lantink
Jigokudani Monkey Park (地獄谷野猿公苑) or Jigokudani Yaen Kōen in Yamanouchi, in Nagano Prefecture, a part of Joshinetsu Kogen National Park (locally known as Shigakogen), is located at the northern area of the Yokoyu-River. Jigokudani, or Hell’s Valley, is aptly named for the boiling water that spumes from the crevices of the frozen ground.
The area is surrounded by steep cliffs and cold forests, and heavy snowfalls cover the ground for about four months of the year. Jigokudani is accessible solely via a narrow two-kilometer footpath through the forest. The place is relatively well known, but the difficulty in getting there makes it hard for many visitors to access.
Jigokudani Monkey Park. | David McKelvey
Jigokudani is famous for the many wild Japanese macaques or snow monkeys that inhabit the area during the winter. They climb down from the steep cliffs and forests to enjoy the warm waters of the hot springs (onsen). The monkeys tend to want to stay all year round because they are also fed by park attendants. Visiting Jigokudani at any season will allow you to see hundreds of monkeys.
Taking a bath. | Yosemite
Jigokudani Monkey Park and the Japanese Macaques are only some of the few unique things to see and explore when in Japan.
Japan is an island nation composed of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands, making up about 97% of the country, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Japan also has over 200 volcanoes and breathtaking mountainous terrains. One of the most popular mountains in Japan is Mount Fuji, a staggering 12,389 feet high: the tallest mountain in Japan. Located on Honshu Island, it can be seen all the way from Tokyo on a clear day. Mount Fuji is famous for its near-perfect cone shape, surrounding national parks and lakes. It is one of the “Three Holy Mountains” (三霊山 Sanreizan), along with Mount Haku and Mount Tate. It is truly a beautiful site to behold.
Mt. Takao. | YU-JEN SHIH
However, Mount Fuji isn’t the only mountain attracting visitors in Japan. Mount Takao is another mountain located in the city of Hachiōji in the western part of the Tokyo metropolis that attracts throngs of people. It is protected within the Meiji no Mori Takao Quasi-National Park. Mount Takao has received three stars (highest ranking) as a “Must Go” mountain from the Michelin Green Guide to tourist spots. It’s no wonder that about 2.6 million people make the climb to Mount Takao annually.
Mount Takao stands at 599 meters (1,965 ft) tall and is conveniently located only about an hour from downtown Tokyo. Visitors can choose from eight hiking trails to the summit. The Tama Forest Science Garden, at the base of the mountain, is an experimental forest and an arboretum.
Tama Forest Science Garden. | Arashiyama
Mount Takao can be climbed from the base or by a cable railway or ropeway ride halfway up the mountain. The mountain supports about 1,200 species of plants and numerous varieties of native insects and animals such as wild boars and monkeys. So many things to discover so close to the bustling city of Tokyo!
Aerial tramway at Mt. Takao. | Dick Thomas Johnson
Sado is just one of the thousands of islands to discover in Japan. Its city takes up the whole of Sado Island in Niigata Prefecture, in the Chūbu region. Sado, the sixth largest island in the country, has an interesting past.
Sado (佐渡市 Sado-shi) contains two mountain ranges that run from southwest to northeast. The Ōsado range to the north is slightly higher than the Kosado range in the south. A number of archaeological findings indicate that Sado was inhabited as early as the Jomon period (the time in Prehistoric Japan from about 12,000 B.C.E.). A large number of pottery artifacts were discovered near Ogi in the south of the island. The Nihon Shoki also mentions that the Mishihase people (believed to have lived along the northern portion of the coast of the Sea of Japan) visited the island in 544.
Sado Island landscape. | tensaibuta
Sado Province was formed separately from the Echigo province on Honshū in the early 8th century. In 1185, the assigned representative Shugo (equivalent to a governor) of Sado, Jirō Osaragi, appointed Honma Yoshihisa as his shugodai (delegate) for the province. The Honma clan ruled Sado until Uesugi Kagekatsu took control of the island in 1589. Uesugi was defeated at Sekigahara, then gold was soon discovered in the island, which prompted the interest of the shogunate to take direct control of it.
Sado Island’s remoteness from mainland Japan became an ideal location for banished Japanese figures. Exile to Sado was considered a grave punishment, second only to the death penalty. People banished to the island were not expected to return.
Sado Gold Mine (佐渡金山) or Sado Kinzan is the most important historical site on Sado Island. It is being promoted to be listed soon as a UNESCO World Heritage site. It was Japan’s largest gold mine, in operation from 1601 until 1989 when operations ceased. Over 15,000,000 tons of ore were mined at Sado Gold Mine, producing 78 tons of gold and 2,300 tons of silver. The Sado complex of heritage mines have formed a cultural tradition based on an evolving set of mining-related technologies and mine management system. This is a result of the constant introduction of new mining techniques and technical expertise from both Japan and abroad and the development on Sado over the course of more than four hundred years.
Sado Gold Mine. | amaknow
Sado Gold Mine is a beautiful place to explore to discover the culture and history of Japan.
Tottori Prefecture (鳥取県 Tottori-ken), located in the Chūgoku region of Japan, is the country’s least populous prefecture and one of the most beautiful places to visit.
The word “Tottori” comes from two kanji characters 鳥, which means “bird” and the second, 取 means “to get.” Early settlers in the area made a living by catching waterfowl. The Nihon shoki also mentions it in the 23rd year of the Emperor Suiko, when an elder from Izumo province, Yukuha Tana, visited the emperor.
One of Tottori’s more popular places to visit is the Tottori Sand Dunes, Japan’s largest dune system. It spans roughly about 16 kilometers of coast along the Sea of Japan, is about two kilometers wide and 50 meters high, and is part of the Sanin Kaigan National Park. It is located just outside the Tottori city center, Tottori Prefecture in Honshū. The sand dunes were formed from sediment deposits carried by the Sendai River into the Sea of Japan from the Chūgoku Mountains.
Tottori Sand Dunes. | sinkdd
Another picturesque attraction is the white-walled warehouses by Tama River in Kurayoshi City at the central Tottori Prefecture. The warehouses line about 400 meters of the street along the river and were mostly built between the Edo Period (1603-1868) and the Meiji Period (1868-1912). The burnt and carbonized cedar boards known as Yakisugi have been used for the outer walls of the warehouses.
Yakisugi. | David Gifford
There are also several merchant houses made from cold-resistant red roof tiles preserved along the Hon-cho Street. The prominent red tiled buildings are numbered 1 to 16 and have been renovated into trendy cafes and galleries. The warehouses maintain its rustic old world charm from the time when it was used for soy sauce and sake brewing.
Okayama Prefecture (岡山県 Okayama-ken) is located in the Chūgoku region of Japan along the Seto Inland Sea. It is bordered by Hyōgo Prefecture, Hiroshima Prefecture, and Tottori Prefecture. The city of Okayama is the prefecture’s capital. Okayama is a tranquil, picturesque, and majestic place to visit, home to the historic town of Kurashiki and composed of about 90 islands in the sea.
Before the Meiji Restoration in 1868, the whole area of present-day Okayama Prefecture was divided between the provinces of Bizen, Bitchū, and Mimasaka. Okayama Prefecture came into fruition in 1871 as one of the early Meiji period’s large-scale administrative reforms; the borders of the new prefecture were set in 1876. Today, most of Okayama Prefecture’s population is distributed around Kurashiki and Okayama. The small, rustic village populations in the northern mountain region are slowly dwindling. On April 2014, 11% of the total land area of Okayama Prefecture was designated as Natural Parks. These are Setonaikai and Daisen-oki National Parks, Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park, and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.
Kurashiki. | kil y rakel en japón
Aside from natural parks, the historical Bitchū Matsuyama Castle, also known as Takahashi Castle in Takahashi, is another gem in Okayama. Takahashi Castle is one of only twelve original castles remaining in Japan. Of the original castles, it has the highest elevation: 1,410 feet above sea level. The resplendent view from Bitchū Matsuyama Castle is simply breathtaking.
Bitchū Matsuyama castle Hon-maru.| GFDL
Inujima (犬島) or “dog island”in the Seto Inland Sea is named for a large rock that resembles a sitting dog. The island has become a popular site for modern art in recent years and serves as a venue for the Setouchi Triennale modern art festival.
Inujima Ticket Center. | Jason Wong
Kurashiki (倉敷) is not far from Okayama City. Kurashiki, or “town of storehouses”, is known for its canal area that dates back to the Edo Period (1603-1867) when the city was a major rice distribution center. Many of Kurashiki’s store houses have been converted into museums, boutiques, and cafes. The Ohara Museum houses a large collection of works by many famous local and Western artists alike.
Okayama is just one of the many places to discover when visiting Japan.